Meet Australian cattle & sheep farmers, discover 100 research projects and learn more about what is important to the sustainability of the industry



Feedlots and beef and lamb processors have the potential to reduce emissions and decrease costs while improving productivity for the industry. Reducing energy includes both looking at traditional methods of power reduction and finding alternate energy sources from waste products.

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Australia’s cattle and sheep farmers, the feedlot sector and the processing industry are highly conscious of the need to conserve water, investing heavily in technology and practices that reduce water use.

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Soil & groundcover

Management of soil health is essential to increase or maintain productivity of pastures and forage crops as well as reduce nutrient loss from grazing systems. Groundcover is critical to reducing soil erosion loss and consequent loss of nutrients and sediment to catchment systems.

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Pests & weeds

As caretakers of nearly 50% of Australia, cattle and sheep farmers have an important role in controlling weeds and feral animals. Weeds and feral animals are issues that impact on farm productivity and the natural ecosystem and landscape and through actively managing them farmers are providing an ecosystem service.

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Producer attitudes and practices to maintaining and revegetating waterways, nature corridors, conservation areas, increasing use of native pastures, and reduction of weeds and feral animals are critical to maintaining biodiversity in the Australian landscape

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Climate variability

The Australian continent has the most variable climate of any continent and farmers are challenged by the effects of this every day. Strategies to help producers more effectively deal with climate variability have benefits for food security and the economic and environmental sustainability of the industry.

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Waste Products

Efforts on managing waste are focussed on the feedlot and processing sectors. Unlike on a farm where manure is able to break down in soil, feedlots and processing plants are concentrated and any waste needs to be collected and re-distributed.

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The Australian livestock industry plays an important role in the national economy. Employing over 172,000 people domestically the industry is an important employer of skilled and unskilled workers.

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The Australian red meat industry contributes approximately 10% of Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions. Methane produced by cattle as part of their natural digestion process accounts for the majority of these emissions.

Learn more about Emissions